A research of twins reveals that having a concussion early in life is tied to having decrease scores on assessments of considering and reminiscence abilities a long time later in addition to having extra fast decline in these scores than twins who didn’t have a concussion, or traumatic brain injury (TBI). The research is revealed in Neurology.
“These findings point out that even individuals with traumatic mind accidents in earlier life who seem to have totally recovered from them should be at elevated threat of cognitive issues and dementia later in life,” stated research writer Marianne Chanti-Ketterl, Ph.D., MSPH, of Duke College in Durham, North Carolina. “Amongst identical twins, who share the identical genes and most of the identical exposures early in life, we discovered that the dual who had a concussion had decrease take a look at scores and quicker decline than their twin who had by no means had a concussion.”
The research concerned 8,662 males who have been World Warfare II veterans. The members took a take a look at of considering abilities firstly of the research after they have been a mean age of 67 after which once more as much as three extra instances over 12 years. Scores for the take a look at can vary from zero to 50. The common rating for all members at first of the research was 32.5 factors.
A complete of 25% of the members had skilled a concussion of their life.
Twins who had skilled a concussion have been extra prone to have decrease take a look at scores at age 70, particularly if they’d a concussion the place they misplaced consciousness or have been older than 24 after they had their concussion. These twins with traumatic brain injury with lack of consciousness, multiple traumatic brain injury and who had their accidents after age 24 have been extra prone to have quicker cognitive decline than these with no historical past of traumatic brain injury.
For instance, a twin who skilled a traumatic brain injury after age 24 scored 0.59 factors decrease at age 70 than his twin with no traumatic brain injury, and his considering abilities declined quicker, by 0.05 factors per yr.
These outcomes took into consideration different elements that would have an effect on considering abilities, reminiscent of high blood pressure, alcohol use, smoking standing and schooling.
“Though these effect sizes are modest, the contribution of TBI on late life cognition, along with quite a few different elements with a detrimental effect on cognition, could also be sufficient to set off an analysis for cognitive impairment,” Chanti-Ketterl stated.
“With the pattern we’re seeing with elevated emergency room visits attributable to sports activities or recreation exercise accidents, mixed with the estimated half million members of the navy who suffered a TBI between 2000 and 2020, the potential long-term impression of TBI can’t be neglected. These outcomes could assist us establish individuals who could profit from early interventions which will sluggish cognitive decline or doubtlessly delay or forestall dementia.”
A limitation of the research was that traumatic mind accidents have been reported by the members, so not all accidents could have been remembered or reported precisely.
Marianne Chanti-Ketterl et al, Associations Between Traumatic Mind Damage and Cognitive Decline Amongst Older Veteran Males—A Twin Research, Neurology (2023). DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000207819 , dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000207819
Holly Elser et al, Traumatic Mind Damage and Cognitive Decline: New Insights and Issues From a Twin Research Design, Neurology (2023). DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000207928 , n.neurology.org/content/early/ … WNL.0000000000207928
American Academy of Neurology
Concussions early in life tied to late life cognitive decline (2023, September 6)
retrieved 8 September 2023
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